2. The Heroes of Revolution

Cabral, Amilcar (1924-1973)


Architect and undisputed leader of the PAIGC & the national liberation movement in Guinea-Bissau.

In the early 1950s, Cabral was employed as an Agronomist. Using this position, he went to every village in the entire country and from this direct observation, he came up with an analysis and strategy for the national liberation movement.

With others, he founded the PAIGC in 1956, and in 1963 their full-blown military campaign to overthrown Portuguese colonialism began.

Within two years they had extensive liberated zones where effectively they were in power.

In 1971 Cabral argued for the creation of the National People’s Assembly, which was created in 1972 and based on popular vote in the liberated territories.

On 20 January 1973, just months before the victory of the national liberation struggle, Cabral was assassinated with the help of Portuguese agents operating within the PAIGC.